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Common Diseases Found in Wild Raccoons


Rabies VaccinationsCountless bacteria, viruses, diseases, and parasites can be found in all sorts of wild animals in North America; however, here in the United States, raccoons are a prevalent nuisance animal known to be carriers of such illnesses and disease. 

Not only can these diseases infect humans and our beloved children if exposed, they can also threaten the well-being of our pets.  Dogs, cats, and other small animals are at risk of contracted various illnesses and infections from wild raccoons. Continue reading to learn more about the most common diseases found in wild raccoons.


Rabies is a well-known disease that can be found in a number of wild animals; however, the North American raccoon is the most common carriers.  The Rabies virus is a viral disease that causes critical encephalitis in warm-blooded animals; especially raccoons.  It is a zoonotic disease, meaning that it can be transmitted from one species of animal to another; such as dogs to humans or raccoon to other animals.  It is usually transmitted through infected saliva or blood. Unfortunately, rabies is almost always fatal.  There is a Rabies vaccination that can be administered to humans directly after exposure.  This vaccine can help prevent symptoms and death.


This disease is caused by the Leptospira bacteria.  This bacterium is commonly found in the urine of raccoons and other small animals. The disease is commonly transmitted through

contaminated water.  Canine Distemper VaccinesInfected urine can get into water supplies or other bodies of water, and come in contact with the skin, nose, throat, eyes, or mouth of a human or other animal.  The infection causes influenza-like symptoms; such as coughing, fever, headaches, and muscle aches. For dogs, the disease can be potentially fatal.  As for humans, there are various treatments for the bacteria. 

Canine Distemper

Canine Distemper is probably the most common disease found in adult raccoons.  It is a viral infection that implicates an animal’s health quickly. The signs of Canine Distemper are oddly similar to Rabies.  It starts off seemingly as an upper respiratory infection, and quickly turns to disorientation and confusion.  Unfortunately, raccoons with Canine Distemper have to be euthanized. Humans are not at risk for this disease; but it is the number one killer for raccoons.  Other animals are susceptible to the virus as well; such as cats, dogs, and other small animals.  There are plenty of vaccinations available for Canine Distemper and they are highly recommended for pet owners.

Contact a local Raccoon Removal Company for expert advice and information regarding raccoon problems and infestations in your neigborhood.



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